Fungal Infections / Viruses

High School Basketball Game

Fungal infections of the skin present as many well-known household conditions commonly referred to as athlete’s foot, ringworm, or jock itch, all of which are benign and successfully managed with medications. 


Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis)

  • White scaling moist skin between the toes

  • Resulting from use of public facilities (e.g., showers, gyms)

  • Preference for warm moist environments


Cold Sores

  • Herpes Labialis or “cold sores”, the most common herpes simplex type-1 infection, typically presents as inflamed, tender, blistering eruptions of the lip

  • Tingling, burning, or numbing sensations, also known as prodromal symptoms, may precede HSV eruptions

  • Untreated lesions and symptoms may last for approximately 1-2 weeks and often are self-resolving

  • Anti-viral medications can reduce symptom duration and help prevent future lesions from occurring 


Molluscum Contagiosum

  • Viral skin eruption of multiple flesh-colored to pink papules (bumps), often presenting in clusters or groups 

  • Presents frequently in childhood through contact with other affected children at daycares, schools, and athletics

  • Thorough handwashing and the avoidance of scratching the affected areas can help reduce spreading the virus to other areas of the body

  • The virus can be self-limiting over several months or treated with in-office therapies




  • Classic Presentation: Round to oval patch with pink/red raised border and clear center

  • Commonly affecting the arms, legs, back and chest

  • May be present for years



  • Shingles or Herpes Zoster classically presents as tender to very painful red rash forming blister-like bumps that erupt and crust; often occurring on only one side of the body 

  • Pain may be present before and after rash 

  • Early treatment intervention with anti-viral medication can reduce the severity of shingles 


Tinea Versicolor

  • White to light pink round spots often progressing into large patches

  • Commonly located on the upper body

  • Can be itchy, but often is asymptomatic



  • Common warts are typically flesh-colored to pink rough growths often on fingers and hands

  • Warts are transmitted through contact such as touch 

  • They can resolve spontaneously over years, but often are treated with over the counter products or in-office therapies