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Eczema / Dermatitis

 

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, typically forms as pruritic (itchy), dry, pink or red patches.  AD may stem from a family history of eczema, asthma, and allergies, often presenting in childhood.  Treatments vary depending on the severity of the eczema including restoring the moisture barrier through topical creams and emollients, sensitive skin care regimens, and medications.  

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Allergic Contact Dermatitis (Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac)

Allergic contact dermatitis is a reaction to an allergen resulting in a rash.  Often the rash may present on the skin where the allergen made contact and can resemble the shape of the offending agent.  Common offending agents are neomycin and formaldehyde, plants, nickel, and rubber.  Dependent on the causative agent and the extent of the reaction, treatment can be successful with topical steroids alone and some reactions require oral medications.

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Irritant Dermatitis

Irritant dermatitis is repeated exposure to substances that “irritate” the skin causing the skin barrier to become compromised, often pink/red, dry, and itchy.  Common irritants or substances responsible for the skin change may include harsh soaps, repeated exposure to moisture as seen in diaper rash, and workplace chemicals.  Removal of the irritant is the first step in treating irritant dermatitis.  Often emollients and ceramide rich creams can help restore the skin.  

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Psoriasis

  • Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can present in various forms

  • Plaque psoriasis is the most common form appearing as thick pink-red patches with silver scale

  • May follow a cycle of flares, then remission 

  • Can be treated through a variety of therapies and often with prescription medications 

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